Swiss artist

Йоханнес Иттен швейцарский художник

His system is designed not to suppress iii the personality, but to ii help the iiiiiiii artist choose his own path, without losing confidence in his iiiiiiiiiii abilities.
Itten
Johannes
Swiss artist
His system is designed not to suppress iii the personality, but to ii help the iiiiiiii artist choose his own path, without losing confidence in his iiiiiiiiiii abilities.
Itten
Johannes
Contents
Together with German-American painter Lyonel Feininger and German sculptor Gerhard Marcks, under the direction of German architect Walter Gropius, Itten was part of the core of the Weimar Bauhaus.

Johannes Itten iiiiiiii was a Swiss iiiiiiiiiiiii expressionist painter, designer, teacher, writer iiii and iiiiiii theorist associated iii with iiiiiiii the Bauhaus iiiiiiiiii (Staatliches Bauhaus) iiiii school.

I.I Bauhaus school
I.II Harmony theory course at Bauhaus
I.IV Architecture school in Berlin
I Life and work
IV Primary colours
VI The Color Wheel By Johannes Itten
VI.II Triads
VI.III Tetrads
VI.IV Other combinations
Contents
Together with German-American painter Lyonel Feininger and German sculptor Gerhard Marcks, under the direction of German architect Walter Gropius, Itten was part of the core of the Weimar Bauhaus.

Johannes Itten iiiiiiii was a Swiss iiiiiiiiiiiii expressionist painter, designer, teacher, writer iiii and iiiiiii theorist associated iii with iiiiiiii the Bauhaus iiiiiiiiii (Staatliches Bauhaus) iiii school.

11 november 1888
1904-1908
1912
From 1904 to 1908 he trained as an elementary school teacher. Beginning in 1908 he taught using methods developed by the creator of the kindergarten concept, Friedrich Fröbel, and was exposed to the ideas of psychoanalysis.
1904-1908
1909
Itten adopted principles espoused by Schneider, including the practice of not correcting his students' creative work on an individual basis, for fear that this would crush the creative impulse. Rather, he selected certain common mistakes to correct for the class as a whole.
Itten's studies at the Bern-Hofwil Teachers' Academy with Ernst Schneider proved seminal for his later work as a master at the Bauhaus.
In 1909 he enrolled at the École des Beaux-Arts in Geneva but was unimpressed with the educators there, and returned to Bern.
1909
Itten opened a private art school in Vienna, using the work and textbook of Eugène Gilliard as a base. From Hölzel, Itten adopted a series of basic shapes (the line, the plane, the circle, the spiral) as a means from which to begin creation, and the use of gymnastic exercises to relax his students and prepare them for the experiences that were to occur in the class.
He was heavily influenced by Adolf Hölzel and Franz Cižek.
Rather, he selected certain common mistakes to correct for the class as a whole. In 1912, he returned to Geneva, where he studied under Eugène Gilliard, an abstract painter.
1912
1904-1908
1912
11 november 1888
From 1904 to 1908 he trained as an elementary school teacher. Beginning in 1908 he taught using methods developed by the creator of the kindergarten concept, Friedrich Fröbel, and was exposed to the ideas of psychoanalysis.
1904-1908
1909
Itten adopted principles espoused by Schneider, including the practice of not correcting his students' creative work on an individual basis, for fear that this would crush the creative impulse. Rather, he selected certain common mistakes to correct for the class as a whole.
Itten's studies at the Bern-Hofwil Teachers' Academy with Ernst Schneider proved seminal for his later work as a master at the Bauhaus.
In 1909 he enrolled at the École des Beaux-Arts in Geneva but was unimpressed with the educators there, and returned to Bern.
1909
Itten opened a private art school in Vienna, using the work and textbook of Eugène Gilliard as a base. From Hölzel, Itten adopted a series of basic shapes (the line, the plane, the circle, the spiral) as a means from which to begin creation, and the use of gymnastic exercises to relax his students and prepare them for the experiences that were to occur in the class.
He was heavily influenced by Adolf Hölzel and Franz Cižek.
Rather, he selected certain common mistakes to correct for the class as a whole. In 1912, he returned to Geneva, where he studied under Eugène Gilliard, an abstract painter.
1912
Architectural and art-industrial school, which outlined the basic principles of architecture of the twentieth century.

B a u h a u s

B a u h a u
s

Itten gained worldwide fame thanks to theeducational
propaedeutic course
Creative association and ideological center of European functionalism.
Architectural and art-industrial school, which outlined the basic principles of architecture of the twentieth century.

From 1919 to ii 1922, Itten taught at ii the Bauhaus, developing iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii the innovative i "preliminary course"

His color contrasts include:
which was to teach students the basics of material characteristics, composition, and color.
VII contrast by extension
Itten theorized seven types of color contrast and devised exercises to teach them.
I contrast by hue
I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
II contrast by value
III contrast by temperature
IV contrast by complements
V simultaneous contrast
VI contrast by saturation
1919
1919
In 1919 he invited Gertrud Grunow, to teach a course on the "theory of harmony" at the Bauhaus. This involved using music and relaxation techniques with the aim of improving the students' creativity.
1919
1919
In 1919 he invited Gertrud Grunow, to teach a course on the "theory of harmony" at the Bauhaus. This involved using music and relaxation techniques with the aim of improving the students' creativity.
He observed a strict vegetarian diet and practiced meditation as a means to develop inner understanding and intuition, which was for him the principal source of artistic inspiration and practice.
1920
1926-1934
1920
Itten was a follower of Mazdaznan, a fire cult originating in the United States that was largely derived from Zoroastrianism.
Itten's mysticism and the reverence in which he was held by a group of the students, some of whom converted to Mazdaznan (e.g. Georg Muche), created conflict with Walter Gropius who wanted to move the school in a direction that embraced mass production rather than solely individual artistic expression.
1926-1934
From 1926 to 1934 he had a small art and architecture school in Berlin, in which Ernst Neufert, the former chief-architect of Walter Gropius at the Bauhaus, taught as well from 1932 to 1934.
1924
1924
In 1924, Itten established the Ontos Weaving Workshops near Zurich, with the help of Bauhaus weaver Gunta Stölzl.
1923
The rift led to Itten's resignation from the Bauhaus and his prompt replacement by László Moholy-Nagy in 1923.
1923

“T h e A r t o f C o l o r

“T h e A r t o f C o l o r
Itten examines the patterns of color contrasts, color harmony.
He iii published a book, The Art ii of iiiiii Color, which describes iiii his ideas as i a furthering of iiiiiiiii Adolf Hölzel's color wheel. iii Itten's so called iiiiiiiii "color sphere" iiii went on to include iiiiii 12 colors.

He iii published a book, The Art ii of iiiiii Color, which describes iiii his ideas as i a furthering of iiiiiiiii Adolf Hölzel's color wheel. iii Itten's so called iiiiiiiii "color sphere" iiii went on to include iiiiii 12 colors.

He iii published a book, The Art ii of iiiiii Color, which describes iiii his ideas as i a furthering of iiiiiiiii Adolf Hölzel's color wheel. iii Itten's so called iiiiiiiii "color sphere" iiii went on to include iiiiii 12 colors.

He iii published a book, The Art ii of iiiiii Color, which describes iiii his ideas as i a furthering of iiiiiiiii Adolf Hölzel's color wheel. iii Itten's so called iiiiiiiii "color sphere" iiii went on to include iiiiii 12 colors.

Itten's works exploring the iiiiiii use iiiiiiiiiiiiiiii and composition i of color resemble the i square op art i canvases of artists such as

Josef Albers, Max Bill and Bridget Riley, and the expressionist works of Wassily Kandinsky.
1926–1934 Private art school in Berlin
1932–1938 Director of the Textilfachschule in Krefeld
1938–1954 Director at the Kunstgewerbeschule Zürich
1943–1960 Director of the Textilfachschule in Zürich
1949–1956 Director of the Museum Rietberg, Zürich, a museum for non-European art
1955 works as freelance painter
1955 colour courses at the HfG Ulm (Hochschule für Gestaltung Ulm)

Itten's work on color ii is also iiiii said iiii to iiii be an inspiration i for seasonal color analysis

Shortly after his death, his designations gained popularity in the cosmetics industry with the publication of Color Me A Season. Cosmetologists today continue to use seasonal color analysis, a tribute to the early work by Itten.
Itten had been the first to associate color palettes with four types of people, and had designated those types with the names of seasons. His studies of color palettes and color interaction directly influenced the Op Art movement and other color abstraction base movements.
The most readily apparent of Nolan's various tributes to him is a punning line from The Dark Knight Rises: "I'll call it in [Itten]." In a later interview, Nolan confirmed that he had instructed Aidan Gillen to articulate the line vaguely on purpose.
by Christopher Nolan makes several references to Itten's work, and Nolan himself cites him as a major artistic influence to his filmography.

„Johannes iiiiiiiiiii Itten iiii – Bauhaus iiiiiiiii - iiiii Pionier", Documentary, Directed by: Marina
Rumjanzewa, iiiiiiiiii 2018

Primary colors can not be created. But with these colors, you can make all other colors.

The primary ii colors are red, blue iiiiii and yellow. The most used scheme is the iii color wheel from Itten.

Secondary iiiiiiii colors are colors that ii consist iii of two primary colors iii that are iiiiiii mixed.

Red + blue = purple.
blue + Yellow = green.
yellow + Red = orange.
If you mix the secondary colors with other primary or secondary colors, we call that tertiary color.
You can forget all the hard terms if you remember that red, blue and yellow are the colors you can make all other colors with.
(also known as the twelve-part color circle)
It’s a graphical scheme that consists of geometric shapes of different colors.

The iii Itten iiiiii invention that’s most ii used today is his iiii color iiiiiii wheel

* Circle represented in color inversion, original color wheel by Johans Itten
yellow
blue
Red
You probably know this already, but just to remind you, these colors are called primary because they can’t be created by mixing other colors.
In his book The Elements of Color, Itten suggests using this circle to build harmonic color chords, combinations of colors that will look best together.
The twelve-part color circle consists of three primary colors, three secondary colors, and six tertiary colors (which are the result of mixing a primary color and a secondary color).
Next come the secondary colors – orange, green, violet. Each of these colors is composed of two primary colors in equal proportion.
Vi The Color Wheel By Johannes Itten
Together, they form a harmonious dyad.
You’ve probably noticed that many movie posters use a blue/orange color scheme or heard that green goes best with red. Well, it’s all based on complementary color schemes.

In iiii the iii color wheel, two iiiiiiiiiii diametrically opposed iiiii colors i are complementary.

Vi The Color Wheel By Johannes Itten
The geometrical figure for this scheme is an isosceles triangle, which can also be rotated inside the wheel to uncover more combinations.

According iiii to ii Itten, there iiiiiiii are two main ways to i combine three colors.

First, you can pick colors that are equidistant from each other on the circle. If you inscribe an equilateral triangle on the color wheel, the corners will point to the hues that look best together.
Using an equilateral triangle, we get combinations of both primary and secondary colors. If you turn the triangle inside the circle, you’ll get two more triads from tertiary colors.
Pick two colors on the circle that are diametrically opposed to one another – for example, blue and orange, and replace one of those colors with its two neighbors – instead of blue, use blue-green and blue-violet.
The opposite also works – leave violet as it is and replace orange with the two tertiary colors that abut it on the circle.
way #1
way #2
Vi The Color Wheel By Johannes Itten
The great thing about these geometric schemes is that you can use them in larger color wheels with more hues, too – as long as they’re formed by the same principles as Itten’s circle.

Using Itten’s color wheel, you can also combine four colors.

Use squares and rectangles instead of triangles to do this.
Vi The Color Wheel By Johannes Itten
When discussing Itten’s theories and his circle, many people also refer to the analogous color scheme, although the master himself didn’t really use it. That alone, however, does not mean that the scheme itself is bad.
To combine colors using Itten’s color wheel, ii you don’t necessarily have to use iii geometric iii shapes.
The point of the analogous scheme is to combine one primary color, one secondary color, and a tertiary color between them. For instance, yellow, orange, and yellow-orange.
In other words, it’s a combination of three or four colors that lie next to each other on the color wheel.

To combine colors using Itten’s color wheel, ii you don’t necessarily have to use iii geometric iii shapes.

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